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Comprehensive Practice: Entering the largest Confucian temple in Central South——Ningyuan Temple of Literature

Contributed by ojn   Click rate : 3160


Research period: 2012.11.26—2012.12.28
Grade: sixth grade
Supervisor : Ou Yanneng, Wang Xinghui
Team Leader: Burden
Group members: Zheng Yuxuan, Li Jiaqi, Hu Jiajian, Hu Xiangling, Ouyang Yumin, Tang Sizhe
School: Yongzhou Ningyuan Experimental Primary School

宁远文庙,是全国重点文物保护单位之一。 Abstract: Ningyuan Temple of Literature is one of the national key cultural relics protection units. 明、清两代历次重修, 是中南最大的孔庙 It was built in the third year of Song Gande (AD 965) and rebuilt in the Ming and Qing dynasties. It is the largest Confucian temple in Central South . 龙凤石柱群石雕为全国古建筑中所仅有, 体现了我国古代建筑艺术的独特风格。 The entire building is rigorous in structure, exquisite in shape and large in scale. The stone carvings of the Dragon and Phoenix columns are the only ancient buildings in the country , reflecting the unique style of ancient Chinese architectural art. 8)班 包铮等 7名同学在欧玖能、王兴辉老师的指导开展了此次综合实践活动。 In order to clarify the historical value, architectural art features of Ningyuan Temple, and to understand the protection and utilization of the Temple, six ( 8) class Baoshou and other seven students carried out this comprehensive practical activity under the guidance of Ou Yanneng and Wang Xinghui. The activities have accumulated knowledge, increased knowledge, broadened horizons, promoted students' understanding and love of their hometown and Confucian culture, and improved their ability to find and solve problems in practice.

研究性学习, 宁远文庙 孔文化 传统文化,古建筑 Keywords: research-based learning, Ningyuan Confucian Temple , Confucian culture , traditional culture, ancient architecture

Text:

(课题背景) I. Proposal (Background of the Project)

The Ningyuan Temple of Literature is located in the center of the county seat, and is one of the national key cultural relics protection units. But quite a few students didn't know much about Ningyuan Temple. What kind of building is Ningyuan Temple? What are its characteristics? What role does it play in inheriting traditional culture? How well is it now known inside and outside the province? How can we better protect and make use of the precious heritage left by our ancestors? 8班的包铮等7名同学在欧玖能、王兴辉老师的指导下开展了此次综合实践活动。 With these questions, 7 students including Bao Yan from Grade 6 and 8 carried out this comprehensive practical activity under the guidance of Ou Ou Neng and Wang Xinghui.

研究的内容、方法与过程 Research content, method and process

Research content

宁远文庙的历史 (1 ) History of Ningyuan Temple of Literature

宁远文庙有哪些方面的特点 (2 ) What are the characteristics of Ningyuan Temple of Literature

宁远文庙与孔子的关系 (3 ) Relationship between Ningyuan Temple of Literature and Confucius

4)宁远文庙的知名度调查 ( 4) Survey on the popularity of Ningyuan Temple of Literature

(5) How to mention the popularity of Ningyuan Temple of Literature

2. Research methods

通过 查阅相关 文献 资料, 搜集跟宁远文庙相关的资料 ( 1 ) Literature research method: Collect relevant data related to Ningyuan Confucian Temple by consulting relevant literature .

调查同学和家长对宁远文庙的了解程度,了解宁远文庙每天大概的游客数量。 ( 2 ) Questionnaire survey method: The questionnaire survey and interview survey are used to investigate the students 'and parents' understanding of the Ningyuan Temple and the approximate number of tourists per day.

网络查找法:通过搜索引擎,收集网络上与宁远文庙有关的资料。 ( 3 ) Network search method: Collect the information related to Ningyuan Temple on the Internet through the search engine.

4 行动研究法: 尝试通过不同的方法增加同学们对文庙、对孔文化的了解,激发对学习的兴趣,促进对家乡的热爱。 ( 4 ) Action research method: try to increase students' understanding of the temple and Confucian culture through different methods, stimulate the interest in learning, and promote the love of hometown.

3. Process of research

2 11 201 end of November 2      同学和家长对宁远文庙的了解程度 Learn how much students and parents know about Ningyuan Temple

2 年1 2 201 2 years 1 early February       Find and organize information related to Ningyuan Temple

2 年1 2 中旬 201 1 year 2 mid February     Field visit to Ningyuan Temple, to investigate tourists' feelings about Ningyuan Temple,

                    Interview with the temple management staff.

2 年12月 下旬 整理材料 进行成果汇报,并对小组成员在活动中的表 201 In late December of 2002 , organize the materials and report the results, and report the group members' activities in the event.

                    Now evaluating

研究的具体实施 Third, the specific implementation of the study

(1) Issue a questionnaire to learn about students and parents' understanding of Ningyuan Temple.

On November 28, the students determined the content of the questionnaire and printed it out. At the end of the afternoon on the 29th, a total of 50 questionnaires were randomly distributed at the school gate, and 48 valid questionnaires were retrieved.

The analysis results are shown in the table below.

Data analysis of questionnaire about Ningyuan Temple

Understanding of Ningyuan Temple of Literature

Under 16

16-20

21-25

26-45

46 or above

Number of valid questionnaires

male

Female

male

Female

male

Female

male

Female

male

Female

Been to Temple of Literature Tour

20

12

4

1

1

1

1

2

4

2

48

Understand the historical value of the Temple of Literature

2

3

1

0

1

1

1

1

4

1

Understand the tourism value of the Temple of Literature

12

4

4

1

1

0

1

2

2

1

Understand the architectural characteristics of the Temple of Literature

4

2

4

1

1

0

1

2

2

1

Proud of Ningyuan Temple of Literature

20

12

4

1

1

1

1

2

4

2

Investigation conclusion:

从调查情况来看,所有调查对象都去过宁远文庙参观。 1. Judging from the investigation, all the respondents have visited the Ningyuan Temple of Literature. But the vast majority of visitors were walking around and watching flowers, and didn't know much about the architectural features and tourist value of the temple. In particular, little is known about the history of the Temple of Literature. It can be seen that Ningyuan Temple of Literature still needs to be improved in its usual publicity and exhibition hall layout.

游客通过游览,对宁远文庙的印象基本上停留在表面上,在孔文化的发扬与传承上,文庙管理所还可以做得更多。 2. Through the tour, the impression of Ningyuan Confucian Temple basically stays on the surface. In the development and inheritance of Confucian culture, the Confucian Temple Management Office can do more.

被调查的对象一致认同宁远文庙是宁远人的骄傲,体现了对家乡的热爱。 3. The surveyed people agreed that Ningyuan Temple is the pride of Ningyuan people, which reflects their love for their hometown.

受条件限制,本次调查的对象都是居住在县城的人,若有条件,还应该到车站或者利用假期到乡下进行更多的调查,以让结论更具代表性。 4. Subject to conditions, the target of this survey is all people living in the county seat. If conditions permit, you should go to the station or use the holidays to conduct more surveys in the countryside to make the conclusions more representative.

查找跟宁远文庙有关的资料并进行整理。 2. Find out and organize the information related to Ningyuan Temple of Literature.

Division of tasks among team members:

Literature reference: all members consult

Find online: classmates with Internet access at home

欧阳昱民 Photo: Ouyang Yumin

     实地考察宁远文庙 3. Field trip to Ningyuan Temple of Literature

Division of team members:

Interviews with tourists and managers: no limit, as long as the right time is met

Record and organize: each interviewer records and organizes

Photography: Teacher Ou, Bao

Vehicles and Security: Mr. Ou Yanneng, Mr. Wang Xinghui

The group members made an appointment to go to Ningyuan Temple, just in time for the heavy rain. But the students were looking forward to it, saying that they don't need to change the time. Entering the gate of the Temple of Literature, the students couldn't restrain the excitement, and asked for a free tour inside. Because of the rain, after listening to the brief introduction and excursion tips from the management staff of the temple, everyone bypassed the Pond, walked through the Pingxingmen, and then freely visited inside.

After 20 minutes, everyone reassembled and watched the stone carving group, murals, Confucius cultural exhibition, Ningyuan cultural relics protection unit introduction, Ningyuan education development documentary picture introduction, photography exhibition, painting exhibition, etc.

 

Finally, the group visited the statue of Confucius in Dacheng Hall.

During the visit, some students interviewed foreign tourists here.

At the end of the visit, the students also interviewed the managers of Ningyuan Temple of Literature.

This is the recording materials of the students during the visit and interview.

成果汇报及活动评价 Fourth, results reporting and activity evaluation

This group of students actively participated in this activity and gained a lot.

During the event, everyone walked into the Ningyuan Confucian Temple, facing the statue of Confucius and the exquisite stone carvings and murals, and seemed to have a dialogue with the ancient sages and skilled craftsmen through time and space. Through understanding of Confucius' life and deeds, the kindness, love and filial piety that Confucius required I have a deeper understanding of the habits and qualities such as respect for the leader, honesty and trustworthiness, and elegant manners. Through communication with tourists and temple management personnel, they have increased their knowledge, expanded their thinking, and improved their interpersonal communication, verbal expression, cooperation and sharing capabilities. Combining with local reality, they have promoted the unique and comprehensive development of students.

The results presented in the reporting class are as follows:

活动过程中的照片; 1. Photos during the event;

通过各种途径查找到的文字、图片资料; 2. Texts and pictures found through various channels;

调查问卷及数据分析; 3. Questionnaire and data analysis;

参观采访记录; 4. Visit and interview records;

参观感受; 5. Visit experience;

电子报刊; 6. Electronic newspapers and periodicals;

对如何保护好文庙以及进一步提高文庙知名度的建议书; 7. Proposal on how to protect the temple well and further increase its popularity;

爱惜文物,做文明游客的倡议书; 8. Cherish the cultural relics and be a proposal for civilized tourists;

孔子生平及主要教育思想介绍(在班级QQ 群论坛中展示); 9. Introduction of Confucius' life and main educational thoughts (shown in the class QQ group forum);

全体成员一起撰写的结题报告。 10. Final report written by all members.

After the activity, the students in the group evaluated each other's performance and asked teachers and parents to make comments.

Activity reflection:

学生反思: (A) Student reflection:

Through this activity, we entered the famous “Huxiang First Confucian Temple” —Ningyuan Confucian Temple, and felt the simplicity, solemnity and majesty of the Confucian Temple. For the great ancient Chinese thinkers, educators and world-renowned historical and cultural celebrities— — Confucius has learned more. During the event, we learned that there are still many people who do n’t know enough about the temple. Ningyuan people do n’t pass on many good things in Confucius' thoughts. There are still many unsatisfactory aspects of the protection and use of the temple. We Some regrets and sadness, but also felt the responsibility of shouldering a new age teenager. We must study harder and explore harder.

Comprehensive practical activities are one of the courses that students like. This course allows us to carry out research on issues of interest to us under the guidance of teachers, which can develop our thinking and improve our practical skills. The development of the activity allowed us to learn a lot of things that we could not learn in class. For example, it allowed us to appreciate the importance of cooperation, allowed us to learn to use knowledge flexibly and learned new knowledge, and so on. I am very glad that the school can offer this course, and I am grateful for the teachers who can often guide us to carry out various interesting activities.

教师反思: (II) Teacher reflection:

In this activity, we selected “walking into the largest Confucian temple in Ningyuan—Ningyuan Confucian Temple” as the theme of this activity from the topics proposed by the students based on local conditions. During the activity, we let students let themselves determine the plan, set up questionnaires, search for information, and conduct field trips. The work of instructing the teacher was only to act as a liaison and transporter when necessary. 获得了独特的情感体验, 有探究的兴趣,有调查的激情,有采访的勇气,有提出建议的胆量,这就很不错了。 Although the problems discovered by students in the process may not be worthy of attention and the materials they write may not be of practical value, they have gained a unique emotional experience, an interest in inquiry, a passion for investigation, and a courage to interview. With the guts to make suggestions, this is great. Besides, we can often find the bright spots of students' thinking in the activities.

Ningyuan Experimental Primary School is one of the schools in our county that implemented the comprehensive practical activity curriculum earlier. 实践性 探究性 科学性 ,让不同学科的老师都参与进来,让学生在自主探究的过程中构建知识和生成问题,并 在辅导教师的指导下,综合利用调查、考察、实验、探究、设计、操作 制作等研究方法 在研究过程中 不断 积累丰富的经验 ,不断丰富和深化学生的认识和体验,促进了新的研究性学习活动目标和主题的不断生成 In the activity, we pay attention to highlighting the practicality , inquiry, and scientific nature of the comprehensive practical activities , involving teachers from different disciplines, allowing students to build knowledge and generate problems in the process of autonomous inquiry, and under the guidance of tutors, Comprehensive use of research methods such as investigation, investigation, experiment, inquiry, design, operation , production, etc. , and continuously accumulate rich experience in the research process , continuously enrich and deepen the students' knowledge and experience, and promote new research learning activities goals and topics Continuous generation .

活动 课程关注学生的生 ,满足学生 成长 的需要 转变 学生的学习方式,发展学生的创新精神和综合实践能力。 The comprehensive practical activities curriculum focuses on students' lives , meets the needs of students' growth , changes the learning style of students, and develops students' innovative spirit and comprehensive practical ability. 学习困难的学生有 表现的机会,让他们 重新找回 自信 ,促进了其他方面的提升 In particular , students with learning difficulties have the opportunity to perform, allowing them to regain confidence and promote other areas of improvement .

references:

"Ningyuan County Chronicle ( 1978-2003 )", Fangzhi Publishing House, May 2007 , first edition

Ningyuan Confucian Temple - Chinese Confucian Temple :

http://www.chinakongmiao.org/templates/T_Dlkm/index.aspx?nodeid=330

Ningyuan Temple of Literature

http://baike.baidu.com/view/478017.htm

宁远文庙怀古 》,作者 凌鹰, 宁远文庙怀古- 永州日报 _ 永州日报电子版 " Ningyuan Temple of Nostalgia ", author Ling Ying, Ningyuan Temple of Nostalgia - Yongzhou Daily _ Yongzhou Daily Electronic Edition :

http://paper.0746news.com/Qnews.asp?ID=23097

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